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Hydraulic Fracturing (Fracking, Hydrofracturing, hydrofracking)

A well-stimulation technique in which rock is fractured by hydraulically pressurized liquid. This is what we called hydraulic fracturing. hydraulic fracturing is the use of fluid and material to create or restore small fractures in a formation in order to stimulate production from new and existing oil and gas wells. Fracturing allows for extended production in older oil and natural gas fields. Hydraulic fracturing is also used to extend the life of older wells in mature oil and gas fields.

How is Hydraulic Fracturing Done?

It follows three different stages to perform the real task of hydraulic fracturing. The stages are as follows:

  • An Acid Stage

  • A Pad Stage

  • A Prop Sequence Stage

    Some Major Chemicals used in Fracturing

  • Hydraulic Acid

  • Glutaraldehyde

  • Quaternary Ammonium Chloride

  • Ammonium Persulfate

  • Choline Chloride

  • Magnesium Oxide

  • Sodium Chloride

  • Methanol

    Some Additive Used in Fracturing Solution

  • A dilute added solution

  • A biocide or disinfectant

  • A scale inhibitor

  • Iron Control/Stabilizing Agents

  • Friction Reducing Agents

  • Corrosion inhibitors

  • Gelling Agents

  • Cross Linking Agents

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